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Learning Channels

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Example of a Learning Channel Matrix

From: Binder,Carl.(1996).

Behavioral Fluency: Evolution of a New Paradigm.

The Behavior Analyst.19(2), 163-197




Definition of a Learning Channel

"Learning channel -- a sequence specifying the particular sensory mode

by which antecedent events are contacted by a learner and the particular mode of the

action made by the learner in response.



Generally, a learning channel has at least one "in" term and one "out" term,

each expressed using verbs.



Common examples used in instruction include:

"see-say," "hear-say," "touch-say," "see-write," "see-type," "see-mark,

" see-point and click," "see-draw," "hear-write," "hear-type," "hear-mark," and so forth."

From Instructional Systems Glossary

John W. Eshleman, Ed.D, BCBA




More about Learning Channels


Kubina, R. M., & Cooper, J. O. (2000).

Changing the learning channels: An efficient strategy to facilitate instruction and learning.

Intervention in School and Clinic, 35, 161-166.

Note: Enjoyable and easy to read paper


Behavior and Learning Channels Matrix

from Instructional Systems

John W. Eshleman, Ed.D, BCBA


Haughton, E.C. (1980). Practicing practices: Learning by activity.

Journal of Precision Teaching, 1, 3-20.


Lindsley, O.R. (1994). "Point/See/Say" or "Slide/See/Say" learning channels.

Journal of Precision Teaching, 12, 2-7.


Lindsley, O.R. (1998). Learning channels next: Let's go!

Journal of Precision Teaching & Celeration, 15, 2-4.




Application papers


King, A., Moors, A.L., & Fabrizio, M.A. (2003).

Concurrently teaching multiple verbal operants related to preposition use to a child with autism.

Journal of Precision Teaching and Celeration, 19(1), 38-40.

...Joe practiced prepositions through the See/Say, Hear/Do, and Hear/Touch learning channels on this same chart. By varying the learning channel during the timing, Joe was able to improve concurrently his expressive (See/Say) and receptive (Hear/Touch) labeling of prepositions and his following directions that included prepositions (Hear/Do)....


Lin, F. Y., & Kubina, R. M. (2004).

Learning channels and Verbal Behavior.

The Behavior Analyst Today, 5, 1-14.










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